Introducing the best breed of cattle
One of the most important strengths of this slaughterhouse is the use of the best breeds. The team of experts in this slaughterhouse selects livestock. They make the best choices. On the other hand, a large part of the slaughterhouse’s livestock is supplied from the DamDasht milk and meat complex, where the best cows that are descended from Holstein are located.
Introduction of Holstein cattle breed
This breed is native to the province of Friesland in the north of the Netherlands. This type of cow is one of the richest cows in the world. So, they are easily found all over the world.
The color of this breed is black and white and has all the characteristics of milking. This cow has a slender head, broad chest and small horns, and shapely and large breasts. Of course, milk production and proper production are not affected by this feature and this feature is not very important.
height and weight
The height of this cow is 1.35 to 1.45 meters and the weight of the cows reaches 700 to 750 kg. The birth weight of this breed is about 42 kg, which when maturing, males weigh up to about one ton.
Calving and characteristics of calves
The ideal limit for a Holstein cow is to give birth to her first calf at 23 to 36 months of age. The gestation period of Holstein cows is 9 months. Calves of this breed have the highest weight at birth among other dairy breeds, and this feature, along with the white color of body fat, makes them suitable for producing white (veal) beef.
Holstein cows are known to produce the most milk with the lowest percentage of fat. Its annual milk production in 1999 was about 10 tons. Top cows of this breed have a production of up to 30 tons per year. The highest milk production in this breed was 32,600 kg in 365 days for cows that were milked 3 times a day (average 90 kg daily production). The amount of milk fat in this breed has not been considered and its amount varies from about 3.4 to 2.4%. The percentage of milk protein in this breed is reported to be about 11.3%. The average production life of a Holstein cow is 4 years.